Abhayagiri is the largest monastery
complex in the Anuradhapura kingdom. Founded in
the second century BC by king Valagamba(also known
as Vattagamini Abhaya) was an international institution
by the first century AD.
Covering an area of 200ha the monastery include
full components of a Buddhist temple as well as
other buildings. The stupa at Abhayagiri is 108m
tall and one of the tallest brick buildings of
the ancient world.
The finest Buddha sculpture
in Sri Lanka the Samadhi Statue (3- century AD)
is among its many fine stone carvings.